Caring for Dementia Patients during COVID-19

Caring for Dementia Patients during COVID-19

The world is facing one of the biggest crises in the form of the novel coronavirus. With millions of people affected worldwide, there’s no vaccine and medication for this virus to date.

Unlike youngsters, elderly individuals are undeniably at a higher risk of developing severe symptoms of the ailment, which is perhaps the reason why caregivers need to be more cautious at this critical time.

When we talk about the caregivers delivering care for the ones with Dementia, things become more challenging for them as seniors with severe health issues may become critically ill when infected with COVID-19.

Since Dementia doesn’t directly increase the risk of COVID-19, but their behaviour, other health conditions, and less immunity may increase the risk.

We’ve outlined some crucial aspects associated with caring for Dementia patients that every professional and family caregiver ought to know.

Ensure Adequate Hand Hygiene

What could be more stressing than witnessing your elderly forgetting washing hands and maintaining personal hygiene?

Dementia patients usually forget things and need consistent reminders in the form of handwritten notes or something similar to signboards in the bathroom. Also, you must teach them the right way to wash their hands and ensure they wash for a minimum of 20 seconds.

If required, demonstrate to them how to wash their hands with soap and make them aware of the use of alcohol-based sanitizer for sanitizing hands frequently.

Here’s what you need to do:

  • Demonstrate the right way to wash hands
  • Remind them to sanitize their hands whenever they touch common areas like the side rails of stairs
  • Put a reminder or sign inside the bathroom for washing hands with a soap

Prevent Unnecessary Wandering

Another challenge that I have personally witnessed with Dementia patients is that they start wandering outside the home, which isn’t a good thing these days.

I am making every effort to ensure my grandmother stays inside and even if I have to leave my home for reasons, I prefer calling any of my acquaintances to take care of her.

Make sure the main door of your home is locked and the lock isn’t accessible to the elderly who are in the habit of going outside. Since they forget things easily, there’s a chance that they might go outside, which could increase the risk of contamination.

Make sure you:

  • Keep doors locked, especially the entrance door
  • Use a GPS-based tracking application on their phone that would help in an emergency
  • Reassure them that they are at home and you are with them
  • Identify the times when there could be a chance of wandering
  • Ask the doctor to prescribe medication for a greater number of days to minimize trips to the pharmacy

Identify the Symptoms

You may be aware of the common symptoms that are associated with COVID-19, but you have to be more careful when you are dealing with a Dementia patient.

Increased confusion is perhaps the initial symptom of any underlying illness. If your senior is having symptoms like confusion and fever, you need to get in touch with their medical practitioner.

Apart from this, ensure there are no breathing-related issues and fever in the elderly for which you should rush to the emergency room.

Here’s what you shouldn’t miss:

  • Timely medication
  • Using personal protective equipment if there are symptoms associated with COVID-19 in elderly
  • Seek medical help if the symptoms like shortness of breath and fever occur with a consistent cough
  • Don’t allow visitors
  • Use alternative socialization methods like phone calls and video calls
  • Remind them to cough or sneeze in their elbow rather hands
  • Keep the surroundings disinfected
  • Ensure you aren’t exposed to the risk

Focus on a Healthy Diet

Diet plays a crucial role when it comes to maintaining good immunity. You may be aware of the fact that elderly individuals are at a higher risk of developing severe symptoms and getting critically ill just because they have weaker immunity.

A healthy diet can be the best option to maintain adequate immunity in adults, which substantially increases the body’s mechanism to fight against diseases.

Include green leafy vegetables in their diet and don’t forget to consider the same for yourself. Plan a diet that contains the right proportion of fats, proteins, and carbohydrates.

Measures if your Loved One is Quarantined

Since COVID-19 suspects need to be self-quarantined for a minimum of 14 days; things can become tough for their caregivers. Caregivers must ensure that the elderly should follow a proper guide for quarantine at home.

Here’s what you should be emphasizing:

  • Make them stay at home in their room itself
  • Ensure they wear a mask as the CDC recommends adequate measures to avoid spreading of the infection
  • Make them follow social distancing and ensure they stay away from their pets
  • Clean and disinfect surfaces regularly
  • Monitor the symptoms and seek medical help if you witness severe symptoms
  • Take care of yourself and use personal protective equipment wisely


The current pandemic situation leaves an impact on society and our economy as well. It becomes our duty to protect and ensure adequate safety for the ones who are most vulnerable especially the elderly with severe health conditions.

Preventing the infection is crucial and perhaps the only way to deal with the COVID-19 outbreak particularly for the ones who are at a higher risk.


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Related blog posts:

Helpful Tips to Communicate with the Elderly Who Have Dementia
COVID-19 Tip Sheet for Older Adults & People with Higher Risk of Severe Illness

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